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Intestinal flora: Your inner garden Intestinal flora.

Intestinal flora: Your inner garden Intestinal flora. 100 000 billion friends in your gut.


An old proverb says: "You want to live a long time - keep your colon clean, you want to live a long time - keep the intestine when empty"
Many people do not even realize that they live in their intestines many organisms that form an important ecosystem for human health. It consists of approximately 100 000 billion bacteria and yeast, or weighing more than two kilograms of living matter. Those found in your gut microorganisms are always active and protect you from disease, but may also contribute to various diseases.These micro-organisms are so numerous and so varied that scientists call them "gut flora". Nature may consist of beneficial microbes and be like a garden - a beautiful and well-maintained. But it can also remind wasteland overgrown with weeds and even ... landfill.

The bacteria get into your gastrointestinal tract with food.

The person who has the appropriate intestinal flora is able to fully digest the food eaten. It absorbs nutrients and gets rid of undigested, not allowing harmful microorganisms penetrate the intestinal wall and defeating the induction of inflammation. Such person's immune system is working properly, so rarely gets sick and has a lot of energy. All the organs are healthy.

However, a person whose intestinal flora is invalid, suffering from bloating, diarrhea or constipation, bad breath or is often a headache. Even though he eats healthy, food passes through the digestive system almost unchanged. Therefore the body does not absorb vitamins, trace elements or essential fatty acids. Such a person feels weak, often ill longer it takes her back to health.

How do you take care of your gut flora?


The intestinal flora we still know little.It is difficult to study because they comprise 80% of the bacteria are strictly anaerobic bacteria. This means that they are not able to survive in the presence of oxygen. That is why - because of the requirements of "habits" of the bacteria - are very difficult to grow in the laboratory. Therefore, many details about their structure and function is still a mystery to scientists.

But let's start from the beginning.

Shortly before the birth of your digestive system was completely sterile. At the time of contact with the mother, as well as the environment and food digestive system gradually fills with microorganisms coming from the outside.

Over time, your body build up bacteria that goes primarily to the large intestine and the final section, called the purse.Intestinal flora of each of us is unique, as it is unique - because of the diversity found in the plant - every garden. Thus intestinal flora Your will consist of more than, for example, bacteria flora your friends. Recent studies comparing the composition of the bacterial microflora in faeces showed that in the group of ten adults can rarely more than one of the same bacteria found in the sample, even if the person they feed on in the same way - explains Gérard Corthier, a scientist in the department of ecology and physiology of the digestive system INRA (National Institute for Agricultural Research). The composition of the intestinal flora is therefore as unique as fingerprints!

The atomic bomb in your gut.

For decades, scientists have known only one disturbing factor of the composition of the intestinal flora - antibiotics (ie substances that kill bacteria).

If your intestines are "pathogens" or pathogenic bacteria that cause diseases such as bloody diarrhea, your doctor may prescribe an antibiotic that will kill them. The problem is that antibiotics act as an atomic bomb. Because they kill all bacteria, both good and bad, causing intestinal sterilization. A key goal of good bacteria in the gut is to support your digestion, and therefore the adoption of antibiotics often results in diarrhea. However, it can be even worse.If all the "good" bacteria are killed, your colon will become barren and prone to developing bad bacteria.

This can be extremely dangerous. In this way, you risk introducing an infection of the digestive system, which in turn can lead to sepsis - which involves the risk of death. This risk is increased when the enteric pathogens appear resistant to antibiotics, including the most powerful antibiotics used in the hospital. From May to July 2011 was observed - first in Germany and later in other countries in Europe - a disturbing wave of deaths caused by resistant to many antibiotics, new strains bakteriiEscherichia coli.

Solution: probiotics


Fortunately, scientists have discovered that there is another way to combat pathogens contained in the intestines. Instead of swallowing antibiotics that act as flame-throwers, killing everything you encounter on the road, you can take advantage of probiotics, so be supporting the good bacteria and help them to overcome pathogens.
Probiotics are special preparations containing bacteria beneficial effect on the intestinal flora, and thus - in the digestion, the immune system (resistance to infection) and the cardiovascular system. These are live bacteria or yeast provided with food which, according to the official definition given in the right amount restores the balance of intestinal flora and have a positive impact on our health.According to Gary Hufnagle'a known from studies on probiotics (University of Michigan, USA), the results of recent studies indicate that a diet rich in probiotics has many benefits. However, not all bacteria can be probiotics. That they can be so called, must have proven health benefits.


What to eat to your intestinal flora assured your health?

People thousands of years instinctively know that all the dishes that were created with the participation of microorganisms are good for health. In Poland and other countries of Central and Eastern Europe, Russia and the Middle East for hundreds of years consumed fermented products and they are considered foods conducive to maintaining health and longevity. And rightly so! Even forty years ago, scientists found that the fermentation process, resulting in the growth of many bacteria, can support the production of probiotic bacteria, having a very positive effect on health.

Many modern food products is subjected to a fermentation process. These include, among other things: beer, wine, vinegar, tea, coffee, chocolate, bread, soy sauce, etc.

Unfortunately, most bacteria are killed during cooking, smoking (eg coffee) and sterilization. Sometimes there are also eliminated before sending the goods to the stores (in the process of clarifying wine, vinegar, beer, soy sauce, etc.).However, you can still buy a lot of products that contain a lot of good bacteria, which have a positive effect on your intestinal flora. UHT-treated fermentation processes contains a lot of bacteria and some manufacturers choose carefully bacterial strains used in the production process: Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus acidophilus, Bifidus actif essensis ... The yogurt can also be found strains of Lactobacillus bulgaricus and Streptococcus thermophilus. One gram of yogurt contains ten million bacteria. This is the same as in one gram of sausage or cheese. However, to provide your body with friendly bacteria, much easier (and less calorie!) Is to eat every 100 grams of yogurt than 100 grams of meat or cheese.

You can also enrich your intestinal flora in a different way: taking probiotics in the form of dietary supplements such as capsules containing the exact number of bacteria or colony forming units (CFU stands for colony forming unit). The yeast Saccharomyces boulardii can be found in brewer's yeast, or "active", that contain live microorganisms.
But be careful! In a report published in the U.S. on ConsumerLab.com (belonging to an independent organization evaluating health products) stated that in many capsules of probiotic bacteria is less than indicated on package, which means that they do not help us adequately.

I wish you health Barnaba Admin